Building My Shiny New Website Part 3: Tech Stack
This will be my last post on building the new implementation of this site. Having previously talked about the choice of platform and the theme, I’m now going on a quick dive into all of the other tech which keeps the site running the way I like it.
Excitingly (for me), this means I get to make diagrams. Let’s start with this monster, which covers every element in the tech stack (or at least every element I can think of):
Now that looks cool and all, and was a lot of fun to make, but it’s a little overwhelming to look at, and isn’t so great to use as a reference when explaining things in words. With that in mind, let’s break it down into three segments.
The first part of the puzzle is what I’m choosing to call “naming”, which encompasses everything related to the actual domain name
The first step here is the registrar. This is the company from which you actually buy and register your domain name. Originally I used GoDaddy for this purpose, but around the time SOPA was happening it came to my attention that they really weren’t the sort of company I wanted to be doing business with. I found out about Gandi.net, whose corporate ethics are much sounder. As an extra benefit: they’re based in France rather than the United States, so I feel like my data is a little safer.
Gandi actually provide their own DNS service, so under most normal site hosting circumstances I wouldn’t actually need the CloudFlare / DNS block which comes next. However, because the this site is a naked domain (i.e. it’s
harveynick.com and not
www.harveynick.com) there’s a slight incompatibility between Gandi and Ghost.io, who host my actual site (as previously mentioned).
The suggested solution is to use CloudFlare, who support a few advanced DNS options. They also provide some extra features, such as DDOS protection and caching. The latter means that (for static content, which this site is) not all requests hit your actual backend. As a result: repeated calls to the same page are faster and your site will appear to stay up even if your backend goes down. That’s really the tip of the iceberg, they offer a lot of other features, many of them for free.
The next link is a
CNAME DNS entry to point requests for
harveynick-com.ghost.io, the actual host of the site. I think you can probably work out what this does. It’s the internet’s equivalent of a signpost, essentially.
Next is a similar
CNAME pointer for requests to
images.harveynick.com. Again, you can probably intuit what this is for. Ghost do provide image hosting, but where the images actually go is pretty opaque.
Exporting the database which backs the site is really simple, making it easy for me to very quickly move to a new host if I need to. The images would pose a problem, though.
My solution is to use RackSpace for image hosting instead, putting the images in a storage bucket I control. If I move to a new host for the main site no additional work is required for the images. They’ll be exactly where I left them. Likewise: if I change image hosts all I need to do is copy the images over with the same file names and point
images.harveynick.com at the new location.
This also gives me the option of doing something more advanced in future, such as using a service which automatically serves lower resolution images to mobile and non-retina devices.
Lastly, there’s an
MX record which points to FastMail. This allows me to use
@harveynick.com email addresses. It has nothing to do with the hosting of the site at all, but I though it was a useful thing to include in the diagram.
The second part of the diagram is related to serving the actual content of the website to you, the people.
The site host and image host I’ve already talked about. Uses of
</img> tags (or
!(…) in the source markdown) point to the image hosting and, hey presto, the images appear inline with the words. The other two external elements on the page are an
Next we have the automation. Ghost (as yet) has no ability to automatically publish new posts to external sites. I solve this by using a fun service called If This Then That, which provides some pretty clever automation for the web. In this case it watches the RSS feed of the site for new articles. When one shows up it's republished to the following places:
- My Facebook timeline (for my friends);
- My Twitter feed (for the internet at large);
- My LinkedIn profile (for recruiters to awkwardly reference);
- The original WordPress.com location of this site (which still has some subscribers).
Native sharing would be a lot cleaner, but this definitely solves the problem.
Finally we have the “authoring” part of the diagram, which is everything I use to actually create and upload content to the site.
The simplest part is at the bottom. I use iA Writer to write the posts. It’s a minimal, cross platform, and very well thought out markdown based editor which I adore. It has just enough extra features (word count, reading time estimation, syntax highlighting) to help me get the job done, and almost no settings to fiddle with. My only real feature request is for them to add the sort of deeper semantic analysis that Hemingway Editor and similar services offer.
I write the posts in markdown, then edit them against the app’s built in preview. Rereading a post in a different font helps me see what I’ve actually written, rather than what I was trying to write. Next I copy and paste the content of the post onto Ghost.io (all right, built-in upload to Ghost is another feature request I have, but nothing else has that either). Then I reread it in Ghost’s editor and fix any stupid mistakes I missed on the previous pass. Then I read it again in Ghost’s preview and… well, you get the point.
If the images in a post are photos I reframe them as needed and maybe add a filter. Then I size them (1280px wide for standard images and 1920px for wide ones, making them retina quality for devices which support it). If they’re diagrams (like the ones in this post) I generally build them in the phenomenal OmniGraffle and export them to jpeg.
Next I run them through JPEGmini and then ImageOptim. These reduce the size of the images without visibly lowering their quality. Between the two of them, the size of the images is generally reduced by at least 33% (sometimes a lot more), although this very much depends on the image. ImageOptim is free software, where as JPEGmini is commercial. It has a free “Lite” version which is good for 20 images a day, though.
Lastly I use the DropShare widget to upload the images to RackSpace. This is neat little program which gives you four or so upload methods (sharing extension, system service, status bar widget and good old file picker) and drops a fully qualified path to the uploaded image onto the pasteboard when it’s done. A quick
CMD+V in the right spot of your doc and you’re ready to go.